Two Nissan Leaf EV vehicles charge at different stations.

What’s the difference between level 2 and level 3 EV charging?

If you’ve been getting interested in the world of EV vehicles and the apparatus used to power them, you’ve probably come across the monikers Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3. Level 1 seems to be falling to the wayside, and the phrases most commonly on electric drivers’ lips these days are “level 2” and “level 3.”

What do these “levels” refer to? What’s the difference between level 2 and level 3 chargers?

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The main differences between level 2 and level3 EV charging set-ups are the charge speeds, voltage levels, and plug types. The designation can apply to both public and personal chargers. Both level 2 and level 3 are different from level 1 in that they take more effort to set up and are only compatible with 240-volt outlets. They cannot be plugged into a standard 120-volt-rated outlet.

Level 2 EV Chargers

Level 2 chargers are currently the most popular choice for home and public use. These stations typically provide 10 to 20 driving miles per hour to your vehicle. Some provide more.

The residential version of level 2 chargers has a 240-volt AC plug. The commercial version has a 208-volt plug.

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Level 3 EV Chargers

Level 3 chargers are also referred to as a “DC fast charger” or “CHAdeMO charger.” As you probably guessed, this level of charging station will juice up your EV the fastest.

The speed of a level 3 charger is due to both its 480 volts of strength and DC plug configuration, which sends electric currently directly to the vehicle’s battery. This results in a charge rate of 40 to 50 miles per 10 minutes.

Level 3 chargers are generally reserved for commercial use, as installation requires more effort and expertise. Note that they are not compatible with all EVs.

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A bearded man carries an axe over to a pine tree in the deep wilderness of Maryland.

Where can I chop down my own Christmas tree on the Delmarva Peninsula?

Cutting Your Own Christmas Tree near Salisbury, MD

If you don’t have your tree yet, and are the kind of person who likes to “get your hands dirty,” so to speak, we’ve got some good news: there are still places open right up to Christmas Eve here on the Delmarva Peninsula where you can go to chop down your own tree. Or, you can also just pick out a pre-cut tree, or choose one and have them cut it, or several other options. The point is, you can still get your tree, and however you prefer to obtain it.

Read on to bless your mind database with the knowledge of a few choice Christmas tree farms adorning Maryland’s eastern shore.

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Cawley Family Farm

  • When? Open Friday, Saturday, and Sunday; make appointments for other days through their website.
  • Where? 24320 Willow Pond Road, Denton, MD

At Cawley Family farm, you can cut the tree down yourself, have them cut the tree you choose, or just pick out a pre-cut tree. You can even get a living tree to plant later, or take a tree that is “baled.” However you like to take your Christmas tree, they can probably accommodate.

Besides trees, the Cawleys provide handmade Christmas Wreaths that are made daily with fresh greens from the farm. They also make a few interesting items on request, including custom-made horse heads, crosses and grave blankets.

Simmons’ Christmas Trees

  • When? Saturdays and Sundays only, until Christmas; 9 am until 5 pm.
  • Where? 26004 Still Pond Neck Road, Still Pond, MD

If Still Pond is closer to your neck of the woods, Simmons’ Christmas Trees may be calling your name. Like the farm above, you can choose to chop one down yourself, take a pre-cut, or get a balled and burlapped living tree. Additional amenities include wreaths, white pine rope, and beverages.

Pine Valley Christmas Trees

  • When? Open until December 23rd; Monday through Friday, 9 am until 6 pm, Saturday and Sunday from 8 am to 5 pm.
  • Where? 361 Fairview Road, Elkton, MD

Our final selection is located right at the head of Chesapeake Bay (for exact directions, visit their website through the link above). In addition to your usual tree options, they offer tabletop trees, white pine roping, and fresh Fraser fir and boxwood wreaths. They also have a Christmas shop that sells all the necessary tree accessories. All visitors get to enjoy complimentary hot cider and hot chocolate.

Pine Valley specializes in Fraser Fir trees, but they also grow Douglas Fir, White Pine, Blue Spruce, Canaan Fir and Concolor Fir.

A silver 2019 Nissan Leaf charges up in a garage.

How many moving parts does an electric car have?

One of the selling points of electric vehicles is simplicity. With fewer moving parts and “ingredients,” there’s less that can go wrong, and correspondingly less maintenance that should be required. But how many fewer moving parts are there? How many moving parts does an electric vehicle have?

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Moving Engine Parts in Electric Vehicles

If one is only focusing on the drivetrain of the vehicle, an electric car has only one moving part: the motor. A gasoline-powered ride, on the other hand, has hundreds of moving parts. The electric motor itself has just one moving part: the shaft. Other electronic powertrain elements, such as the controller and charger, have no moving parts.

Some 4-wheel drive electric vehicles do use a two-motor design, wherein one motor is responsible in each pair of wheels. So in this case, the total moving engine parts would be two.

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Total Moving Parts in an Electric Vehicle

However, if we want to get into detail about moving parts, we can go beyond the engine to elements like the reducer gearbox, differentials, bearings, spacers, braking system and wheels. Electric vehicles also require liquid cooling systems, which include pumps, valves, and so forth. If we take all these moving parts into account, the worst-case scenario ballpark estimated totals would be:

  • 80 – 90 moving parts in a single motor (2WD) electric vehicle
  • 90 – 100 moving parts in a double motor (4WD) electric vehicle

This is in contrast, however, to the several hundreds of moving parts found on ICE vehicles. And high-performance motors can have over 1,000. So electric cars still come out well ahead in terms of mechanical simplicity.

What is the benefit of fewer moving parts in a vehicle?

Having fewer moving parts in a vehicle means that there is less that can go wrong with it, resulting in greater reliability and fewer maintenance appointments. Gas-powered vehicles are loaded with gizmos whirring, spinning and pumping, which means that there are a lot of factors that can go wrong. This results in an endless carousel of oil changes, filter replacements, periodic tune-ups and exhaust system repairs. And on top of that, you have to get the occasional water pump, fuel pump, and alternator maintenance.

A 2019 Nissan Pathfinder turns a corner in the countryside, looking durable.

How long do Nissan Pathfinder models last?

When getting an SUV, you want something that lasts. Something you can rely on. Something that can take a beating and emerge intact. Preferably for year, after year, after year.

The Nissan Pathfinder offers a lot to love. It looks great and it’s loaded with excellent features. But an element less visible on the surface is its durability. How long do Nissan Pathfinder models last?

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What do drivers say about their Nissan Pathfinder?

To answer this question, we scoured the internet to find reports from customers. Our first stop was On a thread asking this very question, a user named Mrbill757 described his experience.

Mrbill757 described his 2005 Nissan Pathfinder, which he bought with 100,000 miles on it and which has just passed 160,000, as, “very dependable. It’s built like a tank.” He goes on to say that, “the paint is of the best quality we’ve ever had in a car,” and, “the interior has held up well.”

Another user, dwight p, described his experience with his 1990 Nissan Pathfinder: “I purchased this vehicle in 1990 not knowing what I was in for. Being in the marines I traveled all over the country in my truck and back. Today it has 235,000 miles on it and it’s still going strong.”

If we head over to, we can see some more reports on the durability of the Pathfinder. User Zach7685 kicks off the thread by stating, “I was wondering how many miles you have on your [Nissan Pathfinder models]? im (sic) at 175k and running strong.”

User Reckless1 responded by saying, “I have 125,000 on my 2002 and still running strong. My brother had 180k before selling his 1998.” Chris.m weighs in, saying, “I’m at… 171,000 miles with no signs of slowing down.” Miamiheat3332 states, “133k – drive it hard at least every other day lol.” The comments go on in this vein. You get the idea.

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Reliability of the 2020 Nissan Pathfinder

Jumping forward to the present day with the 2020 Nissan Pathfinder, we see JD Power reports that the vehicle has a slightly above-average predicted reliability rating of 3.5 out of 5. That’s a solid score. In addition, the three-year/36,000-mile basic warranty and five-year/60,000 mile powertrain warranty from Nissan will help keep it going on (and off) the road.


White 2019 Nissan Rogue drives through snowy hills with a mysterious container on top.

What’s new on the 2020 Nissan Rogue?

2020 Vs. 2019 Nissan Rogue

Whenever a model rolls in for the latest model year, we’re excited to see what’s changed. What additions and gadgets have been added? What styling is reworked? What new tech will be found inside?

Among crossover SUVs, the Nissan Rogue continues to stand out. As a new model has just rolled onto our lots for 2020, we find ourselves asking: what’s new on the 2020 Nissan Rogue?

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In a word, not much. There are no significant changes to the Nissan Rogue for the 2020 model year, except for the fact that the Rogue Hybrid iteration has been discontinued. The good news is that this means the machine retains its muscular looks, modern technology, and supremely healthy array of active safety.

The 2020 Nissan Rogue still has one of the best fuel economy ratings among compact SUVs: it gets up to 33 miles-per-gallon on the highway when using front-wheel drive. It’s shockingly well-rounded, and its cargo area is still the versatile cavern that acolytes swear by.

A single powertrain still powers every trim of the Nissan Rogue for 2020: a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder that pumps out 170-horsepower. This engine is happily wedded to a continuously variable automatic transmission.

When will the Nissan Rogue be redesigned?

It’s widely believed that a redesign of the Nissan Rogue will be released for the 2021 model year. It will likely hit dealerships around the end of 2020. A prototype of the next-generation Rogue has been spotted that appears to have taken strong influence from the 2018 Nissan Xmotion concept vehicle.

Though the current Nissan Rogue is still a great value and a top seller, it remains part of the second Rogue generation that was introduced back in 2014. It was, however, updated and refreshed for 2017, the benefits of which carry onward into the current year’s model.

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